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  1. Olfactory dysfunction (OD) is a well-established nonmotor manifestations (NMM) of Parkinson disease (PD) which needs objective assessment for better understanding of the disease pathogenesis. The aim of this w...

    Authors: Khaled Hussein Rashed, Wafik Said Bahnasy, Yasser Abo Elfotoh El-Heneedy, Ehab Ahmed Shawky El-Seidy, Mohamed Osama Tomoum, Mohamed Adel Eltomey and Shereen Ahmed ELAhwal

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:73

    Content type: Research

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  2. The study was done to investigate the role of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in characterization of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and incidence of CMBs in acute ischemic stroke obese patients.

    Authors: Ali Ahmed Abou Elmaaty and Carmen Ali Zarad

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:72

    Content type: Research

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  3. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is one of the chronic causes of elevated intracranial pressure with no evident cause in neuroimaging and normal CSF analysis. It primarily affects overweight women of...

    Authors: Lubna Ibrahim Sultan, Abdelaziz Mohamed Elnekidy, Amr Mohamed Elfatatry and Amira Sayed

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:71

    Content type: Research

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  4. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common cause of neurological disabilities in adults and commonly affects the visual pathway. The objective of this study is to assess and compare the sensitivity of visual evoked p...

    Authors: Mohamed N. Thabit, Mahmoud Mohamed Farouk, Martha Awni and Al-Amir Bassiouny Mohamed

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:70

    Content type: Research

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  5. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) diagnosis could be challenging in some cases and a thorough workup should be done to rule out ALS mimics. Thus, diagnosis should be made by an experienced neurologist and sh...

    Authors: Hebatallah R. Rashed and Mohamed A. Tork

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:69

    Content type: Research

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  6. Hypertension is the commonest cause of acute spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) which is life-threatening with a poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognosis and blood pressure mo...

    Authors: Ahmed Esmael, Wessam Fathi, Mahmoud Abdelbadie, Nehal Tharwat Mohammed El-sayed, Mahitab Ghoneim and Aymen Abdelnaby

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:68

    Content type: Research

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  7. Essential tremor (ET) is now considered as a slowly progressive neurodegenerative disorder with a variety of motor and non-motor manifestations. The objectives of this work were to study the existence of cogni...

    Authors: Mahmoud Ebrahim Mostafa Elhassanien, Khaled Hussein Rashed, Wafik Said Bahnasy, Yasser Abo Elfotoh El-Heneedy, Ehab Ahmed Shawky El-Seidy, Mohamed Osama Tomoum, Kareem Mohammed Ramadan, Mona Ahmed Kotait, Reham Abdel Rahman Amer and Shereen Ahmed ELAhwal

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:67

    Content type: Research

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  8. Post-stroke depression (PSD) has worse functional outcomes and quality of life. Despite the extensive literature on this topic, there is no agreement on the frequency or risk factors for post-stroke depression.

    Authors: Eman M. Khedr, Ahmed A. Abdelrahman, Tarek Desoky, Ahmed Fathi Zaki and Ayman Gamea

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:66

    Content type: Research

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  9. Cerebrovascular manifestations are uncommon presentations of scorpion sting in the Indian subcontinent. Encephalopathy, cerebral edema, subarachnoid hemorrhage, non-hemorrhagic strokes, and cortical necrosis a...

    Authors: Avirup Majumdar, Virendra Atam, Shahnawaz Ali Ansari, Satish Kumar and Akriti Bhardwaj

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:65

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. Limbic encephalitis is a subacute progressive disorder characterized by disturbances in memory and behavior along with seizures. Antibodies against leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) are associated with ...

    Authors: Tejas R. Mehta and Elanagan Nagarajan

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:64

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Anti-leucine-rich glioma inactivated protein-1 (LGI-1) encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease with a varied neuropsychiatric clinical manifestation and have potential for reversal with immunotherapy. Early ...

    Authors: Mohammed Reyazuddin, Faisal Shaan and S. A. Azmi

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:63

    Content type: Case Report

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  12. The administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) has increased the focus on acute ischemic stroke (AIS) as an emergency condition. The emergency physicians have to rapidly recognize the p...

    Authors: Mohamed El-Sayed El-khatib, Shereen Ahmed El Ahwal, Muhammad Masoud and Sherine El Mously

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:62

    Content type: Research

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  13. Anorexia nervosa, with the highest mortality rate among psychiatric diseases, is characterized by low body mass index, fear of weight gain, and disturbed body image. Even though multiple drugs have been propos...

    Authors: Sidar Çöpür and Mazlum Çöpür

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:60

    Content type: Review

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  14. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common upper limb entrapment neuropathy caused by compression of the median nerve as it traverses the wrist at the carpal tunnel.

    Authors: Noha Ali Hashim, Hala Ahmed Fathy, Marwa Mohammed Esawy and Marwa Ahmed Shabana

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:59

    Content type: Research

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  15. Understanding ischemic stroke pathogenesis helps in prevention, prognosis, and treatment. Stroke is greatly related to inflammation and thrombo-genesis as inflammatory cells (as neutrophils-lymphocytes) and th...

    Authors: Wafeek M. Elsheikh, Ibrahim E. Alahmar, Gelan Mahmoud Salem and Eman S. Matar

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:58

    Content type: Research

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  16. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by gradual disturbance of both upper and lower motor neurons (LMN). In ALS, muscle wasting favors the abductor pollicis brevis (APB) and first dorsal intero...

    Authors: Noor H. Mohammed, Farqad B. Hamdan and Akram M. Al-Mahdawi

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:57

    Content type: Research

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  17. Nationally, information regarding risk factors for early and late recurrence of ischemic stroke is limited.

    Authors: Hassan Mohammed Elnady, Gharib Fawi Mohammed, Hazem Kamal Elhewag, Mohamed Khodery Mohamed and Ahmed Borai

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:56

    Content type: Research

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  18. Papillary tumor of the pineal region is an unusual, recently described entity with potential for misinterpretation as either an ependymoma or choroid plexus papilloma. With few reported cases, there is little ...

    Authors: Michael Bromfield, Christos Profyris, Aadila Mehtar, Marna Du Toit and Reubina Wadee

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:55

    Content type: Case Report

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  19. Though parenchymal neurocysticercosis is common and a major contributor to burden of seizures in most parts of the world, intraventricular neurocysticercosis (IVNCC) comprises 10–20% of cases and poses a diagn...

    Authors: Faheem Arshad, Shilpa Rao, Raghavendra Kenchaiah, Chandrajit Prasad and Abhinith Shashidhar

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:54

    Content type: Case Report

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  20. Stroke can affect any portion of the central nervous system leading to a wide variety of symptoms depending on the part that is involved. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is an emerging neuroimaging technique th...

    Authors: Mervat Mostafa, Maged Abdel Naseer, Ramy Edward, Mohammad Edrees and Dalia M. Labib

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:52

    Content type: Research

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  21. Atherosclerotic intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is one of the most common causes of stroke worldwide and is associated with a high risk of recurrent stroke. Patients with a recent transient ischemic atta...

    Authors: Ayman Mohamed Nassef, Eman Mahmoud Awad, Ahmed Ali El-bassiouny, Hossam Eldin Mahmoud Afify, Romany Adly Yousef and Mohamed Ahmed Shafik

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:51

    Content type: Research

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  22. Recovery of upper extremity (UE) motor function after stroke is variable from one to another due to heterogeneity of stroke pathology. Structural and biochemical magnetic resonance imaging of the primary motor...

    Authors: Mohamed Mahmoud Mostafa, Eman Mahmoud Awad, Ahmed Mohamed Hazzou, Mohamed Khaled Ahmed Elewa, Tougan Taha Abdel Aziz and Dalia Maher Samy

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:50

    Content type: Research

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  23. Cognitive impairment is a common finding epileptic children. Studies have linked nocturnal epileptic discharges to delayed cognitive abilities in children.

    Authors: Ayman M. Al-Malt, Shereen A. Abo Hammar, Khaled H. Rashed and Osama A. Ragab

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:49

    Content type: Research

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  24. Urinary dysfunction is a common symptom during the course of multiple sclerosis (MS). Long-term follow-up of the natural history of bladder dysfunction in MS has been seldom addressed.

    Authors: Hesham Torad, Nevin Shalaby, Hussein Aly Hussein, Samih Z. Sadek, Mohamed S. Abdelazim, Ahmed Yehia, Samer Morsy and Shaimaa H. Soliman

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:47

    Content type: Research

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  25. Autoimmune encephalitis presents with subacute neurological, psychiatric, and behavioral symptoms. In many cases, MRI and CSF studies return normal. Laboratory testing for pathogenic neuronal antibodies is lim...

    Authors: Belal Aldabbour, Khalid El-Salem, Suha Aqaileh, Deema Obiedat, Mohammad Qasaimeh, Majdi Al Qawasmeh, Abdel-Hameed Al-Mistarehi and Ahmed Yassin

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:46

    Content type: Case Report

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  26. The novel coronavirus which emerged in Wuhan province of China has taken world by surprise. Since been diagnosed in December 2019, it has been termed a “Pandemic” and there is a growing concern in physicians a...

    Authors: Salman Mansoor, Siobhan Kelly, Kevin Murphy, Aine Waters and Nauman Saleem Siddiqui

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:44

    Content type: Review

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  27. Migraine, although, is a prevalent disease; its pathogenesis is complex and still not fully elucidated. The effect of vitamin D on various neurological disorders is thought to be exerted either directly via it...

    Authors: Dorreya A. Elsayed, Karam S. Amin, Ibrahim A. Elsayed and Noha A. Hashim

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:43

    Content type: Research

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  28. To evaluate the role of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in the evaluation of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) compared to clinical scores and nerve conduction studies (NCS).

    Authors: Ramy Edward, Ahmed M. Abdelalim, Amal S. Ashour, Lamia Afifi and Aussan Al-Athwari

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:42

    Content type: Research

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  29. Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in developing countries. The burden of stroke has varied widely in different areas, and there is a paucity of information about stroke in the selecte...

    Authors: Henok Mulugeta, Amare Yehuala, Dessalegn Haile, Nakachew Mekonnen, Getenet Dessie, Getachew Mullu Kassa, Zerihun Shimelis Kassa and Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:41

    Content type: Research

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  30. The annual incidence of Bell’s palsy (BP) is 15 to 20 per 100,000 with 40,000 new cases each year, and the lifetime risk is 1 in 60. For decades, clinicians have searched the prognostic tests of sufficient acc...

    Authors: Mohamed E. Flifel, Tamer Belal and Ali A. Abou Elmaaty

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:40

    Content type: Research

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  31. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is an imaging modality using multi-section single-shot spin echo planar imaging (EPI) sequence which is extremely sensitive for detection of water motion within intra, extra, a...

    Authors: W. F. Mustafa, M. Abbas and L. Elsorougy

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:39

    Content type: Research

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  32. Approximately half of stroke patients show impaired upper limb and hand function. Task-oriented training focuses on functional tasks, while joint mobilization technique aims to restore the accessory movements ...

    Authors: Asmaa Sabbah, Sherine El Mously, Hanan Helmy Mohamed Elgendy, Mona Adel Abd Eltawab Farag and Abeer Abo Bakr Elwishy

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:38

    Content type: Research

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  33. Recently, an exceptional increase was witnessed in cell phone users. The brain has greater exposure to the electromagnetic field (EMF) created during mobile phone use than the rest of the body, which may impai...

    Authors: Radwa Azmy, Reham Shamloul, Noha Abdalla Farag Elsawy, Saly Elkholy and Eman Maher

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:36

    Content type: Research

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  34. Nearly one-third of epilepsy patients are refractory/resistant to medical treatment. Developments made in surgical techniques have significantly increased the effectiveness and safety of these techniques, as s...

    Authors: Maryam Joudi Mashhad, Hadi Harati, Fateme Parooie and Morteza Salarzaei

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:35

    Content type: Research

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  35. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by convulsions. Identification of biological pathways underlying epilepsy and novel genes may shed light on the pathogenesis of epilepsy as well as new targets...

    Authors: Necla Benlier, Gokhan Ozer and Nuri Orhan

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:34

    Content type: Research

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  36. High-resolution ultrasonography (US) is a non-invasive, readily applicable imaging modality capable of depicting real-time static and dynamic information concerning the peripheral nerves and their surrounding ...

    Authors: Neveen Mohamed Elfayoumy, Hanan Helmy Elgendy, Marwa Saad Afify Saad and Amira A. Labib

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:33

    Content type: Research

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  37. Though both anterior and posterior approach are used for the management of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), the choice between both approaches remains to be of considerable debate.

    Authors: Omar El Farouk Ahmed and Ahmed Galal

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:32

    Content type: Research

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  38. Horner’s syndrome (HS) is characterized by unilateral ptosis, ipsilateral miosis with normally reactive pupil, and in some cases, ipsilateral facial anhidrosis.

    Authors: Jamir Pitton Rissardo, Ana Letícia Fornari Caprara, Juliana Oliveira Freitas Silveira and Paulo Gilberto Medeiros Jauris

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:30

    Content type: Case Report

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  39. Lumbar interbody fusion procedure is a recognized surgical technique in management of a variety of lumbar pathologies including recurrent lumbar disc prolapse. Interbody fusion augmented by pedicle screw fixat...

    Authors: Omar El Farouk Ahmed, Sherif H. Morad and Ahmed S. Abdelbar

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:28

    Content type: Research

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  40. Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) can have serious consequences related to vasospasm and delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). Serum biomarkers have emerged as a promising assessment tool to facilitate earl...

    Authors: Maged Mohammad Abdelnaseer, Ahmed Abdelkader Nemr, Sandra Mohammad Ahmed, Alshaimaa M. Aboul fotouh, Amro Mohammad Ahmed Soliman, Ahmed Abdullah El-Fiki and Safinaz Hassan Osman

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:27

    Content type: Research

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  41. Although anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is considered a gold standard approach for surgical management of cervical disc herniation syndromes, the use of dynamic cervical implant (DCI) provided ...

    Authors: Omar El Farouk Ahmed and Ahmed Galal

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:26

    Content type: Research

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  42. One of the most prevalent sleep disorders is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients with OSA have increased risk of car and work place accidents which may be attributed to cognitive impairment due to poor sle...

    Authors: Mona M. Nada, Eman A. Maher, Mye A. Basheer and Leqaa A. El-Mekkawy

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:25

    Content type: Research

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  43. We report an unusual manifestation of anti-GAD-associated limbic encephalitis in a 59-year-old man following pacemaker insertion for cardiac pauses. Clinically, the association of anti-GAD antibody with limbic...

    Authors: Salman Mansoor and Kevin Murphy

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:23

    Content type: Case Report

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  44. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most common degenerative diseases of the central nervous system (CNS). Alpha-synuclein (A-syn) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of PD. The close relation between...

    Authors: Hala Shaheen, Sayed Sobhy, Sherine El Mously, Marwa Abuomira and Mohamed Mansour

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:22

    Content type: Research

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  45. The most common respiratory complications in cerebrovascular strokes were respiratory infection, pulmonary edema, acute lung injury (ALI) acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and pulmonary embolism (PE)....

    Authors: Ehab Shaker Belal, Samah Selim, Alshaimaa M. Aboul fotouh and Asmaa Mohammad

    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2020 56:21

    Content type: Research

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