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Table 3 Laboratory data in IIH patients in relation to BMI

From: Sex hormones, CSF and serum leptin in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension

  IIH patients with BMI < 30 kg/m2
(n = 16)
IIH patients with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2
(n = 22)
P value
Serum leptin (ng/ml)
(mean ± SD)
43.22 ± 14.2 93.19 ± 24.6  < 0.001*
CSF leptin (ng/ml)
(mean ± SD)
2.63 ± 1.19 4.65 ± 2.59  < 0.001*
Serum estradiol (Pg/ml)
(mean ± SD)
138.08 ± 43.19 254.17 ± 107.61 0.009*
Serum testosterone (nmol/l)
(mean ± SD)
1.26 ± 0.41 2.3 ± 0.62  < 0.001*
Serum DHEAS (µmol/l)
(mean ± SD)
4.99 ± 1.4 5.43 ± 2.28  < 0.001*
  1. CSF: cerebrospinal fluid, DHEAS: dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, IIH idiopathic intracranial hypertension, *: significant
  2. P value ≤ 0.05 was considered significant