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Table 2 Autonomic function tests in PwE versus controls

From: Interictal autonomic dysfunction in patients with epilepsy

Variables PwE (n = 48) Controls (n = 51) p-value
R–R interval
 Rest 1.54 ± 0.43 1.5 ± 0.36 > 0.05
 Deep breathing 1.26 ± 0.43 1.47 ± 0.36 < 0.01
 Valsalva maneuver 1.36 ± 0.32 1.81 ± 0.25 < 0.001
 Standing 1.07 ± 0.3 1.23 ± 0.16 < 0.005
BP to standing (mmHg)
 During systole 15.77 ± 4.12 11.82 ± 4.07 < 0.001
 During diastole 8.54 ± 2.94 5.14 ± 3.12 < 0.001
BP to hand grip (mmHg) 9.94 ± 3.63 13.61 ± 3.3 < 0.001
BP to mental stress test (mmHg) 14.9 ± 3.78 18.08 ± 2.44 < 0.001
SSR latency (s) 1.78 ± 0.43 1.39 ± 0.14 < 0.001
  1. PwE people with epilepsy, BP blood pressure, SSR sympathetic skin response; the data are presented in mean ± SD