Skip to main content

Table 4 Association of psychomotor test scores with seizure and treatment characteristics

From: Psychomotor function in children with epilepsy seen at a tertiary hospital in southern Nigeria: does treatment with anti-epileptic drugs have any effect?

Characteristics Auditory reactionα Visual reactionα Tapping Taskβ
Duration (SD) F p Duration (SD) F p Duration (SD) F p
Age at epilepsy onset
 < 5 years 523 (171) 4.912 0.028* 519 (159) 14.560  < 0.001* 48.49 1.028 0.312
 ≥ 5 years 469 (139) 435 (117) 49.78
Duration of epilepsy
 ≤ 5 years 501 (152) 0.790 0.375 483 (149) 1.195 0.276 48.54 2.031 0.156
 > 5 years 478 (164) 456 (132) 50.44
Type of seizure
 Focal 536 (220) 3.401 0.067 472 (30) 0.007 0.932 49.67 0.157 0.693
 Generalised 481 (132) 475 (12) 49.06
Seizure frequency
 0–1 in 2 years 481 (126) 0.098 0.906 440 (117) 1.026 0.361 50.99 1.367 0.258
 ≤ 1 seizure/month 495 (177) 476 (157) 49.36
 > 1 seizure/month 495 (130) 489 (129) 47.83
Duration of treatment
 < 5 years 497 (144) 4.631 0.0341* 477 (145) 2.335 0.131 47.96 3.244 0.076
 ≥ 5 years 424 (97) 424 (99) 52.10
Number of AEDs
 Monotherapy 478 (142) 0.002 0.960 460 (137) 0.305 0.583 49.01 0.010 0.922
 Polytherapy 480 (85) 487 (125) 49.33
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05; α—lower values indicate better performance; β—higher values indicate better performance