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Table 3 Comparison between frontline and second-line physicians regarding their demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Exploring the factors associated with coronaphobia among physicians during the COVID-19 outbreak in Egypt

N = 426 Frontline
(n = 66)
Second-line
(n = 360)
t X2 P
N (%), M (SD)
 Age 33.24 (6.57) 34.81 (6.49) 1.802 0.072
Gender
 Male 26 (36.4) 118 (32.8) 1.091 0.296
 Female 40 (60.6) 242 (67.2)   
Marital status
 Married 40 (60.6) 263 (73.1) 4.209 0.040
 Not married 26 (39.4) 97 (26.9)   
Professional title
 Resident 31 (47.0) 121 (33.6) 4.337 0.037
 Specialist/consultant 35 (53.0) 239 (66.4)   
Daily working hours
 ≤ 8 37 (56.1) 268 (75.3) 10.265 0.001
 > 8 29 (43.9) 88 (24.7)   
Working days/week
 ≤ 5 45 (68.2) 228 (63.9) 0.453 0.299
 > 5 21 (31.8) 129 (36.1)   
Received sufficient training
 No 41 (62.1) 269 (74.7) 4.469 0.035
 Yes 25 (37.9) 91 (25.3)   
Satisfied with hospital PPEb
 No 57 (86.4) 301 (83.6) 0.315 0.362
 Yes 9 (13.6) 59 (16.4)   
History of colleague affected with Covid-19
 No 20 (30.3) 219 (60.8) 21.110 < 0.001
 Yes 46 (69.7) 141 (39.2)   
History of self-harm thoughts during pandemic
 No 57 (86.4) 326 (90.6) 1.080 0.299
 Yes 9 (13.6) 34 (9.4)   
 FCV-19Sa 20.18 (5.35) 20.07 (5.00) − 0.162 0.871
HADSc
 Total Anxiety Score 8.67 (4.31) 7.93 (3.67) − 1.260 0.208
 Total Depression Score 9.11 (2.84) 9.07 (3.35) − 0.090 0.928
  1. a Fear of COVID- 19 scale. b Personal protective equipment. c Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale