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Table 5 Comparison of mean scores of cognitive scales between MS patients with different types of first attack

From: Clinical predictors to cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis patients

  Type of 1st attack  
  Motor Cerebellar Visual Sensory P value
ACE attention
Mean ± SD 16.8 ± 1.2 15.7 ± 1.4 17.7 ± 0.8 16.7 ± 1.2 0.013*
ACE memory
Mean ± SD 19.9 ± 2.5 19.2 ± 1.9 20.1 ± 2.9 21.3 ± 1.2 0.469
ACE language
Mean ± SD 21.8 ± 2.1 21.1 ± 2.4 23.7 ± 1.4 24.0 ± 2.0 0.036*
ACE fluency
Mean ± SD 9.8 ± 1.7 10.3 ± 1.8 10.6 ± 1.5 10.7 ± 2.3 0.664
ACE visuospatial
Mean ± SD 15.1 ± 1.3 15.7 ± 0.8 15.7 ± 0.8 15.3 ± 1.2 0.433
ACE total
Mean ± SD 83.3 ± 6.2 82.0 ± 4.8 87.9 ± 4.7 88.0 ± 6.9 0.069
PASAT 3
Mean ± SD 19.6 ± 8.2 21.9 ± 10.3 21.6 ± 10.9 24.3 ± 5.1 0.667
Trail making type B
Mean ± SD 191.4 ± 75.9 214.6 ± 81.7 140.0 ± 36.1 193.3 ± 23.1 0.240
  1. *Statistically significant
  2. ACE Addenbrooke’s cognitive examination III, PASAT 3 Paced auditory serial addition test, SD standard deviation
  3. P value is significant if ≤ 0.050