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Table 3 Descriptive statistics and comparison according to the occurrence of respiratory infection

From: Detection of airway protective level of the cough reflex in acute stroke patients

VariablesRespiratory infectionFisher’s exact test
NoYes
Mean ± SDMean ± SDp valueSig
Age57.1 ± 14.2363.4 ± 10.270.011(T)S
A2DS23.44 ± 1.285.5 ± 1.26<0.001S
MANN total180.17 ± 20.92116.23 ± 40.76<0.001S
 No. (%)No. (%)p valueSig
SexMale36 (59.02%)24 (60%)0.922(C)NS
Female25 (40.98%)16 (40%)
HabitsNo35 (57.38%)29 (72.5%)0.114NS
Smoking (Cig., hash, shisha)25 (40.98%)10 (25%)
other drug abuse1 (1.64%)0 (0%)
Smoke + other drug0 (0%)1 (2.5%)
OccupationNot working31 (50.82%)32 (80%)0.003(C)S
Working30 (49.18%)8 (20%)
HandednessRight59 (96.72%)39 (97.5%)1.00NS
Left2 (3.28%)1 (2.5%)
 Median (IQR)Median(IQR)  
NIHSS7 (6–10)15 (10.5–17.5)<0.001(M)S
Cough challengeThreshold (mol/L)0.8 (0.8–1)1 (0.8–1.7)0.013S
Number of coughs3 (2–3)2 (2–3)0.289NS
Peak flow (L/min)140 (90–200)70 (55–100)<0.001S
Latency (s)6 (4–8)7 (4.5–10)0.146NS
  1. Significance level P < 0.05, S = significant, NS = non-significant
  2. (C)Chi-square test of significance
  3. (M)Mann-Whitney test of significance
  4. (T)Student’s t test of significance