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Table 1 Outcome measures before and after epiduroscopy

From: One-year evaluation of epiduroscopy in chronic back pain with and without radiculopathy: a retrospective study

 BaselineAfter 1 yearp value
VAS score9.1 ± 0.95.1 ± 3.1< 0.01
ADLs
 Not affected0 (0.0%)39 (26.4%)< 0.01
 Moderately affected24 (16.2%)58 (39.2%)
 Severely affected124 (83.8%)51 (34.5%)
Quality of sleep
 Not affected18 (12.2%)32 (21.6%)< 0.05
 Moderately affected57 (38.5%)54 (36.5%)
 Severely affected73 (49.3%)62 (41.9%)
Use of analgesics
 No0 (0.0%)46 (31.1%)< 0.05
 Yes148 (100%)102 (68.9%)
  1. VAS visual analog scale, ADL activity of daily living