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Table 2 Phonetic description of distinctive Arabic sounds

From: An Egyptian patient story: multilingual role in post-stroke aphasia recovery

Symbol Phonetic description Arabic script
ħ Voiceless uvular fricative ح
x Voiceless pharyngeal fricative خ
S Voiceless alveolar fricative emphatic ص
D Voiced dental fricative emphatic ض
T Voiceless dental stop emphatic ط
D ð Voiced interdental fricative emphatic ظ
ʕ Voiced pharyngeal fricative emphatic ع
ɣ Voiced velar fricative غ
q Voiceless uvular stop emphatic ق