Skip to main content

Table 3 Predictors of the likelihood of major vs. moderate dependence

From: Clinical and radiological assessment of hemiplegic shoulder pain in stroke patients

Predictor Univariate   Multivariate  
P value COR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI)
Disease duration (months)  < 0.001    < 0.001  
 > 2 months   Reference   Reference
 ≤ 2 months   39.7 (8.1–195.4)   21.9 (3.9–123.5)
Muscle power score  < 0.001  
 > 3   Reference   
 ≤ 3   252 (26.5–2392.1)
Sex 0.037   0.134  
 Female   Reference   Reference
 Male   3.6 (1.1–12.2)   3.4 (0.69–16.4)
Nature of stroke 0.002   0.362  
 Ischemic   Reference   Reference
 Hemorrhagic   6.1 (1.3–29.1)   2.7 (0.32–21.8)
Sensory disturbance 0.002   0.468  
 No   Reference   Reference
 Yes   11 (2.3–51.9)   2.2 (0.25–19.8)
Bicipital tendinitis 0.013   0.526  
 No   Reference   Reference
 Yes   3.9 (1.3–11.4)   1.7 (0.35–7.7)
Complex regional pain syndrome 0.006   0.654  
 No   Reference   Reference
 Yes   18 (2.3–143.9)   2 (0.1–39.4)
  1. Bold indicates that p value ≤ 0.050
  2. COR crude odds ratio, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval