Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic and psychiatric characteristics of the studied patients

From: Prevalence and clinical implication of adverse childhood experiences and their association with substance use disorder among patients with schizophrenia

Variables Studied patients (n = 165)
Age (years)  
 Mean ± SD 35.5 ± 9.7
Gender  
 Males 132 (80.0%)
 Females 33 (20.0%)
Marital status  
 Single 82 (49.7%)
 Married 52 (31.5%)
 Divorced 25 (15.2%)
 Widowed 6 (3.6%)
Education  
 Illiterate, read and write 11 (6.7%)
 Primary education 12 (7.3%)
 Preparatory education 33 (20.0%)
 Secondary education 58 (35.2%)
 High education 51 (30.9%)
Occupation  
 Working 36 (21.8%)
 Not working 129 (78.2%)
Residence  
 Urban 48 (29.1%)
 Rural 117 (70.9%)
Socio-economic level  
 Low 74 (44.8%)
 Middle 52 (31.5%)
 High 39 (23.6%)
Age of onset of schizophrenia (years)  
 Mean ± SD 22.8 ± 6.7
Duration of disease (years)  
 Mean ± SD 13.2 ± 8.7
Frequency of hospitalization  
 None 24 (14.5%)
 Once 67 (40.6%)
 Twice 52 (31.5%)
 More than twice 22 (13.4%)
Lifetime substance use  
 Positive 68 (41.2%)
 Negative 97 (58.8%)
Smoking status  
 Not smoker 58 (35.2%)
 Ex-smoker 17 (10.3%)
 Smoker 90 (45.5%)
PANSS (mean ± SD)  
 Positive 16.2 ± 5.4
 Negative 17.5 ± 5.8
 General 33.7 ± 11.6
Compliance Rating Scale (CRS)  
 Mean ± SD 4.5 ± 1.3
WHODAS (simple score)  
 Mean ± SD 32.5 ± 10.8
Drug screen results  
 Positive 30 (18.2%)
 Negative 135 (80.8%)
  1. SD standard deviation