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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the studied sample

From: The possible relation between stigma, parent psychiatric symptoms, quality of life and the disease burden in families of children with autism spectrum disorder in Egypt: a multicentre study

Variables Caregivers of moderate burden (N = 27) Caregivers of severe burden (N = 43) Total (N = 70) P value
N % N % N %
Gender of caregivers
 Father 14 51.9% 16 37.2% 30 42.9% 0.32
 Mother 13 48.1% 27 62.8% 40 57.1%
Age of caregivers
 30–35 years 20 74.1% 25 58.1% 45 64.3% 0.2
 36–41 years 7 25.9% 18 41.9% 25 35.7%
 Mean ± SD 34.37 ± 2.7 35.88 ± 2.32 35.32 ± 2.65 0.01*
Numbers of years of education
 8 years 0 0% 2 4.7% 2 2.9% 0.22
 11 years 8 29.6% 18 41.9% 26 37.1%
 15 years 15 55.6% 17 39.5% 32 45.7%
 17 years 4 14.8% 6 14% 10 14.3%
 Mean ± SD 14.11 ± 2.17 13.18 ± 2.49 13.44 ± 2.40 0.11
Work of caregivers
 Work 15 55.6% 29 67.4% 44 62.9% 0.32
 No work 12 44.4% 14 32.6% 26 37.1%
Gender of child
 Male 15 55.6% 22 51.2% 37 52.9% 0.72
 Female 12 44.4% 21 48.8% 33 47.1%
Age of child
 5–8 years 27 100% 13 30.2% 40 57.1% 0.000*
 9–12 years 0 0% 30 69.8% 30 42.9%
Mean ± SD 6.48 ± 1.34 9.30 ± 1.87 8.21 ± 2.17 0.000*
The severity of the disease for child
Moderate 19 70.8% 8 18.6% 27 38.6% 0.000*
Severe 8 29.6% 35 81.4% 43 61.4%  
Duration of the disease for child
2-5 years 25 92.6% 10 23.3% 35 50% 0.000*
6-9 years 2 7.4% 33 76.7% 35 50%
Mean ± SD 3.48 ± 1.34 6.30 ± 1.87 5.21 ± 2.17 0.000*
  1. Chi squared test * Significant P value < 0.05