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Table 3 Relationship of glucose level in the first 4 days with clinical score and prognostic factors

From: Prognostic value of glucose fluctuation in patients undergoing thrombolysis or thrombectomy due to acute ischemic stroke

  Day 1 p Day 2 p Day 3 p Day 4 p
Glucose levels (mg/dl)
 NIHSS ≥ 16* 178.7 ± 10.3 0.003 197.7 ± 99.8 0.000 186.1 ± 97.6 0.000 169.2 ± 85.0 0.000
 NIHSS < 16* 138.3 ± 54.9 137.6 ± 51.8 127.5 ± 50.0 126.7 ± 49.3
 NIHSS ≥ 16** 178.4 ± 107.8 0.004 204.2 ± 100.5 0.000 190.7 ± 98.1 0.000 173.1 ± 86.5 0.000
 NIHSS < 16** 138.6 ± 54.6 136.7 ± 50.6 127.0 ± 49.4 126.2 ± 48.6
 Expired 169.4 ± 95.8 0.004 194.7 ± 91.8 0.000 181.8 ± 91.9 0.000 173.0 ± 84.6 0.000
 Survived 136.4 ± 51.4 131.2 ± 44.1 121.7 ± 40.5 119.9 ± 37.8
Mortality risk ratio
 glc ≥ 200 mg/dl 43.5% 0.056 57.1% 0.000 68.4% 0.000 76.5% 0.000
 glc < 200 mg/dl 24.8% 20.7% 21.5% 21.5%
mRS—30th day
 glc ≥ 200 mg/dl 4.19 ± 1.2 0.003 4.40 ± 1.05 0.001 4.44 ± 1.33 0.007 4.75 ± 1.48 0.001
 glc < 200 mg/dl 3.24 ± 1.1 3.26 ± 1.17 3.32 ± 1.17 3.29 ± 1.15
  1. *baseline NIHSS **24th hour NIHSS
  2. NIHSS National Institute of Health Stroke Scale
  3. glc Glucose
  4. mRS modified Rankin Scale