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Table 2 Effect of MS on pregnancy and labor related outcomes

From: Outcomes of pregnancy in Egyptian women with multiple sclerosis in the new treatment era: a multi-center retrospective observational study

  Before MS diagnosis After MS diagnosis P-value*
No. of pregnancies 39 116  
 Planned 27 (69.2%) 67 (57.76%) 0.204
 Unplanned 12 (30.8%) 49 (42.24%)
Duration of pregnancy (months) 9.4 ± 0.27 9.2 ± 0.24 0.041
No. of abortions 13 19  
 First trimester 6 (46.15%) 11(57.89%) 0.599
 Second trimester 3 (23.08%) 5 (26.32%)
 Third trimester 4 (30.77%) 3 (15.79%)
Pregnancy complicationsa 7 (17.95%) 11 (9.48%) 0.153
 Fetal complications 1 (14.29%) 2 (18.18%) 0.829
 Maternal complications 6 (85.71%) 9 (81.82%)
Anesthesia during labor    
 General 2 (5.13%) 99 (85.34%)  < 0.001
 Spinal 37 (94.87%) 17 (14.66%)
Type of delivery    
 Normal 18 (46.15%) 7 (6.03%)  < 0.001
 Cesarian 21 (53.85%) 109 (93.97%)
Complicated delivery 3 (7.79%) 8 (6.89%) 0.867
Complications after delivery    
 Maternalb 0 (0%) 9 (7.76%) 0.247
 Neonatal 2 (5.13%) 4 (3.45%)
Breast feeding after delivery    
 Non 12 (30.77%) 48 (41.68%) 0.038
 Exclusive for 2 months or more 17 (43.59%) 26 (22.41%)
 Non-exclusive 10 (25.64%) 42 (36.21%)
Usage of contraception after delivery    
 Hormonal 22 (56.41%) 72 (62.07%) 0.776
 Physical 15 (38.46%) 44 (37.93%)
  1. MS multiple sclerosis
  2. aComplications other than abortion
  3. bOther than relapses
  4. *Level of significance is set when the P-value < 0.05