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Table 4 Association between possible risk factor and different scales

From: A study of anxiety, depression and stress symptoms among Fayoum medical students during COVID-19 lockdown, Egypt

Character IES (n = 216)
No. (%)
Depression (n = 212) Anxiety (n = 159) Stress (n = 149)
Gender
 Male 67 (31.0) 72 (34.0) 52 (32.7) 46 (30.9)
 Female 149 (69)* 140 (66.0) 107 (67.3) 103 (69.1)
χ2 9.23 1.27 1.53 3.35
p value 0.002 0.259 0.215 0.067
Previous road accident
 No 172 (79.6) 174 (82.1) 126 (79.2) 116 (77.9)
 Yes 44 (20.4) 38 (17.9) 33 (22.8) 33 (22.1)
χ2 2.28 0.15 1.29 2.88
p value 0.130 0.698 0.254 0.089
History of psychiatric disorders
 No 118 (54.6) 115 (54.2) 78 (49.1) 82 (55.0)
 Anxiety 52 (24.1) 49 (23.1) 46 (28.9)* 34 (22.8)
 Depression 33 (15.3) 36 (17.0)* 28 (17.6) 25 (16.8)
 OCD 10 (4.6) 9 (4.2) 5 (3.1) 7 (4.7)
 Others 3 (1.4) 3 (1.4) 2 (1.3) 1 (0.7)
FE test 7.97 9.60 22.18 2.88
p value 0.079 0.038 < 0.001 0.599
Family history of psychiatric disorders
 No 169 (78.2) 165 (77.8) 122 (76.7) 113 (75.8)
 Anxiety 18 (8.3) 18 (8.5) 13 (8.2) 14 (9.4)
 Depression 9 (4.2) 9 (4.2) 8 (5.0) 8 (5.4)
 OCD 8 (3.7) 8 (3.8) 6 (3.8) 6 (4.0)
 Others 12 (5.6) 12 (5.7) 10 (6.3) 8 (5.4)
FE test 2.29 2.28 4.00 3.31
p value 0.682 0.694 0.405 0.513
  1. χ2: Chi-squared test, FE test: Fisher’s exact test
  2. p value is significant
  3. *Significantly higher than their corresponding in the same variable