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Table 3 Carotid intima–media thickness (IMT) among atherosclerotic and cardioembolic groups

From: Paradoxical role of hepatocyte growth factor in ischemic stroke: stroke risk/stroke recovery

  The patient group Test U P value
Carotid atherosclerosis N = 50 Cardioembolic N = 50 Total N = 100
IMT
 X ± SD 2.27 ± 1.26 0.60 ± 0.14 1.44 ± 1.22 8.6 < 0.001*
 Range 0.90–5 0.3–0.80 0.3–5
  No % No %    X2  
Atherosclerosis severity
 No (IMT ≤ 0.8 mm) 0 0 50 100 50 50 100 < 0.001*
 Mild (IMT 0.9–1 mm) 11 22 0 0 11 11
 Moderate (IMT 1.1–1.9 mm) 17 34 0 0 17 17
 Severe (IMT ≥ 2 mm) 22 44 0 0 22 22
  1. X mean, SD standard deviation, X2 Chi-square test, U Mann–Whitney U, *highly significant, IMT intimal medial thickness