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Table 3 Sociodemographic factors of respondents and their association with NPSLE

From: Pattern and prevalence of neuropsychiatric lupus: a retrospective study from a tertiary level hospital in Bangladesh

Factor Total
n = 100
NPSLE
n (%)
Non-NPSLE
n (%)
p value
Current age (years)
  ≤ 20 32 20 (36.4%) 12 (26.7%) 0.461
 21–29 42 23 (41.8%) 19 (42.2%)
 30 and above 26 12 (21.8%) 14 (31.1%)
Age at SLE diagnosis (years)
  ≤ 20 52 34 (61.8%) 18 (40%) 0.038
 21–29 34 17 (30.9%) 17 (37.8%)
 30 and above 14 4 (7.3%) 10 (22.2%)
Level of education
 Illiterate 7 2 (3.6%) 5 (11.1%) 0.490
 Primary 32 17 (30.9%) 15 (33.3%)
 Secondary 29 17 (30.9%) 12 (26.7%)
 Graduation 32 19 (34.5%) 13 (28.9%)
Occupation
 Student 29 20 (36.4%) 9 (20%) 0.070
 Unemployed 6 5 (9.1%) 1 (2.2%)
 Homemaker 32 13 (23.6%) 19 (42.2%)
 Working woman 33 17 (30.9%) 16 (35.6%)
Residence
 Urban 52 32 (58.2%) 20 (44.4%) 0.171
 Rural 48 23 (41.8%) 25 (55.6%)
  1. p value less than 0.05 is considered statistically significant; NPSLE, neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus; Non- NPSLE patients without neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE systemic lupus erythematosus