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Table 5 Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis Scale (SMSS)

From: Telephone-based assessment of multiple sclerosis patients at Ain Shams University Hospital in the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis Scale (SMSS) Never Rarely Sometimes Often Always
Frequency (%) Frequency (%) Frequency (%) Frequency (%) Frequency (%)
Bodily dysfunction Bladder difficulties 27 (25.7%) 11 (10.5%) 45 (42.9%) 19 (18.1%) 3 (2.9%)
Bowel difficulties 44 (41.9%) 18 (17.1%) 28 (26.7%) 12 (11.4%) 3 (2.9%)
Loss of balance 21 (20.0%) 9 (8.6%) 56 (53.3%) 13 (12.4%) 6 (5.7%)
Spasticity 20 (19.0%) 7 (6.7%) 61 (58.1%) 14 (13.3%) 3 (2.9%)
Frequency (%) 112 (26.7%) 45 (10.7%) 190 (45.2%) 58 (13.8%) 15 (3.6%)
Average 28 11.25 47.5 14.5 3.75
Cognitive and psychological impairment Fatigue 7 (6.7%) 13 (12.4%) 33 (31.4%) 37 (35.2%) 15 (14.3%)
Lack of concentration 15 (14.3%) 8 (7.6%) 44 (41.9%) 26 (24.8%) 12 (11.4%)
Inability to communicate 25 (23.8%) 6 (5.7%) 68 (64.8%) 6 (5.7%) 0 (0.0%)
Visual impairment 23 (21.9%) 7 (6.7%) 53 (50.5%) 19 (18.1%) 3 (2.9%)
Frequency (%) 70 (16.7%) 34 (8.1%) 198 (47.1%) 88 (21%) 30 (7.1%)
Average 17.5 8.5 49.5 22 7.5
Sensory-motor impairment Numbness 22 (21.0%) 14 (13.3%) 44 (41.9%) 20 (19%) 5 (4.8%)
Tremors 20 (19.0%) 7 (6.7%) 61 (58.1%) 14 (13.3%) 3 (2.9%)
Pain 21 (20.0%) 3 (2.9%) 50 (47.6%) 29 (27.6%) 2 (1.9%)
Paralysis 20 (19.0%) 7 (6.7%) 49 (46.7%) 23 (21.9%) 6 (5.7%)
Frequency (%) 83 (19.8%) 31 (7.4%) 204 (48.6%) 86 (20.5%) 16 (3.8%)
Average 20.75 7.75 51 21.5 4