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Table 3 Operative repair, follow-up, and outcome

From: Recurrent spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea: combined endo-nasal endoscopic repair with lumbo-peritoneal shunt insertion

Parameter Total number = 18
Previous repair
 Second time 16 (88.9%)
 Third time 2 (11.1%)
Repair
 Fat 7 (38.9%)
 Fat, fascia lata and nasoesptal flap 2 (11.1%)
 Fat and mucoperichondrium 9 (50.0%)
Failure
 No 16 (88.9%)
 Yes 2 (11.1%)
Follow-up (months)
 Median (IQR) 24.5 (18.0–30.0)
 Range 6.0–60.0
  1. IQR interquartile range