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Table 4 Comparison between subcortical vascular cognitive impairment (group I) and healthy control subjects (group II) regarding gait analysis variables in single and dual-task performance

From: Gait and balance impairments in patients with subcortical vascular cognitive impairment

  Group-I
(n: 28)
Group-II
(n: 22)
t test
t value p value
Single task
Mean stride length (cm) 59.51 ± 7.87 64.33 ± 6.31 2.340 0.023*
Mean cadence (no. of steps/min) 51.60 ± 5.07 54.40 ± 3.53 2.205 0.032*
Mean step width (cm) 17.71±2.72 15.95±1.86 2.592 0.013*
Lt to Rt step length difference (%) 7.27 ± 3.57 4.67 ± 1.19 3.277 0.002*
Dual task
Mean stride length (cm) 50.04 ± 6.73 61.19 ± 6.19 6.016 <0.001*
Mean cadence (no. of steps/min) 46.93 ± 4.18 52.60 ± 3.39 5.152 <0.001*
Mean step width (cm) 20.25±2.80 16.55±1.77 5.416 <0.001*
Lt to Rt step length difference (%) 7.36 ± 3.36 4.87 ± 1.14 3.324 <0.001*
  1. CT cancelation time, D eyes open sway-referenced platform, E eyes closed, sway-referenced platform, F eyes open sway referenced surround and platform, SP spectral power
  2. *Significant