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Table 2 Comparison between subcortical vascular cognitive impairment (group I) and healthy control subjects (group II) regarding MoCA, AADLs, and brain MRI findings

From: Gait and balance impairments in patients with subcortical vascular cognitive impairment

  Group-I
(n: 28)
Group-II
(n: 22)
t test
t value p value
MoCA 21.39 ± 1.75 26.41 ± 0.73 12.582 < 0.001*
AADLs 25.96 ± 4.25 28.50 ± 3.29 2.307 0.025*
BBT 45.11 ± 2.01 44.50 ± 2.06 1.049 0.300
ARWMC 10.07 ± 3.46 2.82 ± 1.22 9.650 <0.001*
Occult LBIs number 1.07 ± 0.72 0.45 ± 0.60 3.250 0.002*
Total CCV (mm3) 531981.8 ± 10304.6 590647.7 ± 26713.4 10.677 <0.001*
Total CWMV (mm3) 526508.7 ± 12502.8 587565.1 ± 10051.4 18.644 <0.001*
Mean cortical thickness 2.32 ± 0.39 2.80 ± 0.25 5.067 <0.001*
  1. AADLs Advanced activity of daily living scale, ARWMC Age-related white matter changes scale, BBT Berg balance test, CWMV cerebral white matter volume, CCV cerebral cortical volume, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale, LBIs lacunar brain infarcts
  2. *Significant