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Table 4 Comparison between patients distributed according to MS course regarding mean cognitive scales scores

From: Clinical predictors to cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis patients

  Type of MS  
  RRMS SPMS i value
ACE attention
 Mean ± SD 17.0 ± 1.2 15.9 ± 1.4 0.011*
ACE memory
 Mean ± SD 20.7 ± 2.1 18.0 ± 1.3 < 0.001**
ACE language
 Mean ± SD 23.1 ± 1.7 19.9 ± 1.6 < 0.001**
ACE fluency
 Mean ± SD 10.1 ± 1.6 10.2 ± 1.9 0.879
ACE visuospatial
 Mean ± SD 15.5 ± 1.0 15.2 ± 1.3 0.463
ACE total
 Mean ± SD 86.4 ± 5.7 79.1 ± 2.0 < 0.001**
PASAT 3
 Mean ± SD 23.0 ± 8.7 16.6 ± 8.2 0.032*
Trail making type B
 Mean ± SD 173.3 ± 66.0 224.0 ± 77.2 0.035*
  1. *Statistically significant
  2. **Highly significant
  3. ACE Addenbrooke’s cognitive examination III, PASAT3 Paced auditory serial addition test, RRMS relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, SPMS secondary progressive multiple sclerosis, SD standard deviation
  4. P value is significant if ≤ 0.050.