Skip to main content

Table 2 Risk factor of ischemic stroke patients according to presence or absence of dysphagia

From: Post-stroke dysphagia: frequency, risk factors, and topographic representation: hospital-based study

Parameter Total number (180 cases), N (percent) Patients with dysphagia (57 cases), N (percent) Patients without dysphagia (123 cases), N (percent) P value (Chi-square)
Hypertension (HTN) 52 (28.8%) 11 (19.2%) 41 (33.3%) 0.053
Diabetes mellitus (DM) 53 (29.4%)) 24 (42.1%) 29 (23.6%) 0.011
Smoking 41 (18.3%) 12 (21.1%) 29 (23.6%) 0.707
Obesity 33 (21.1%) 13 (22.9%) 20 (16.2%) 0.291
Dyslipidemia 24 (13.3%) 10 (17.5%) 14 (11.4%) 0.258
Substance abuse 10 (22.8%) 4 (7.01%) 6 (4.9%) 0.56
Ischemic heart disease (IHD) 15 (3.3%) 7 (12.2%) 8 (6.5%) 0.192
Hyperuricemia 13 (8.3%) 2 (3.5%) 11 (8.9%) 0.190
Atrial fibrillation (AF) 19 (10.6%) 14 (24.6%) 5 (4.06%) < 0.0001