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Table 2 Knowledge toward COVID-19 among the included participants

From: Comparison of knowledge, attitude, socioeconomic burden, and mental health disorders of COVID-19 pandemic between general population and health care workers in Egypt

Variable Non-HCWs (n = 402) (n, %) HCWs (n = 122) (n, %) P value
Routes of transmission of COVID-19:
 Via the nose 342 (85.1%) 114 (93.4%) 0.016*
 Via the mouth 320 (79.6%) 92 (75.4%) 0.323
 Via the eyes 245 (60.9%) 85 (69.7%) 0.08
 By contact with infected object 209 (52%) 59 (48.4%) 0.482
 Through stool 76 (18.9%) 30 (24.6%) 0.171
 By food 80 (19.9%) 16 (13.1%) 0.09
Time period before developing the disease:
 Within 14 days of exposure to a patient 350 (87.1%) 112 (91.8%) 0.156
 After 14 days of exposure to a patient 90 (22.4%) 22 (18%) 0.304
 After contact with asymptomatic carrier 295 (73.4%) 101 (82.8%) 0.034*
Protective measures the participant use against COVID-19:
 Frequent hand washing 372 (92.5%) 120 (98.4%) 0.019*
 Reducing outdoor activities 352 (87.6%) 118 (96.7%) 0.004*
 Cleaning objects you bring home 260 (64.7%) 80 (65.6%) 0.856
 Wearing masks 184 (45.8%) 86(70.5%) P < 0.000*
 Using gloves 148 (36.8%) 74 (60.7%) P < 0.000*
 Using alcohol or detergents 240 (59.7%) 98 (80.3%) P < 0.000*
 Do not use protective measures 8 (2%) 0 0.116
Expected percentage of recovery from the diseasea:
 Less than 10% 14 (3.5%) 0 0.932
 Between 10 and 50% 60 (14.9%) 14 (11.5%)
 Between 50 and 90% 258 (64.2%) 74 (60.7%)
 More than 90% 70 (17.4%) 34 (27.9%)
Frequency of following the health information newsa:
 Daily 259 (64.4%) 83 (68%) 0.355
 Weekly 8 (2%) 0
 Irregular 123 (30.6%) 37 (30.3%)
 Do not follow 18 (4.5%) 2 (1.6%)
The source of health information you use a:
 Official reports only 106 (26.4%) 38 (31.1%) 0.001*
 Social media only 42 (10.4%) 0
 Both official records and social media 236 (58.7%) 82 (67.2%)
Type of the disease news they follow:
 New infected cases 356 (88.6%) 110 (90.2%) 0.62
 Died cases 199 (49.5%) 81 (66.4%) 0.001*
 Recovered cases 187 (46.5%) 69 (56.6%) 0.052
Level of trust of health information about COVID-19a:
 Trust to somewhat 161 (40%) 55 (45.1%) 0.266
 Sometimes trust 94 (23.4%) 30 (24.6%)
 Do not trust 95 (23.6%) 29 (23.8%)
 Always trust 52 (12.9%) 8(6.6%)
  1. HCWs health care workers
  2. *Significant P value
  3. aQuestion with only one answer
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