Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic features and socioeconomic scale of the included participants.

From: Comparison of knowledge, attitude, socioeconomic burden, and mental health disorders of COVID-19 pandemic between general population and health care workers in Egypt

Item Total (n = 524) (n, %) Non-HCWs (n = 402) (n, %) HCWs (n = 122) (n, %) P value
Sex:
 Males 223 (42.6) 173 (43) 50 (41) 0.688
 Females: 301 (57.4) 229 (57) 72 (59)
Age:
 Less than 20 years 6 (1.14) 6 (1.5) 0 (0) P < 0.000*
 20–30 years 200 (38.2) 177 (44) 23 (18.9)
 31–40 years 278 (53.05) 186 (46.3) 92 (75.4)
 Older than 40 years 40 (7.6) 33 (8.2) 7 (5.7)
Distribution in Egypt:
 Upper Egypt 440 (84) 71 (17.7) 13 (10.7) 0.065
 Lower Egypt 84 (16) 331 (82.3) 109 (89.3)
Residence:
 Rural 88 (16.8) 74 (18.4) 14 (11.5) 0.073
 Urban 436 (83.2) 328 (81.6) 108 (88.5)
Marital status:
 Single 196 (37.4) 171 (42.5) 25 (20.5) P < 0.000*
 Married 308 (58.8) 216 (53.7) 92 (75.4)
 Divorced 10 (1.9) 6 (1.5) 4 (3.3)
 Widow 10 (1.9) 9 (2.2) 1 (0.8)
Educational level:
 Secondary school 32 (6.1) 32 (8) 0 (0) P < 0.000*
 University graduate 220 (42) 197 (49) 23 (18.9)
 University (Master) 174 (33.2) 124 (30.8) 50 (41)
 University (Doctorate) 98 (18.7) 49 (12.2) 49 (20.2)
Employment:
 Employed 425(81.1) 303(75.4) 122(100) P < 0.000*
 Unemployed 72 (13.7) 72 (17.9) 0
 Retired 2 (0.4) 25 (6.2) 0
 Students 25 (4.8) 2 (0.5) 0
Number of children
 No children 230 (43.9%) 201 (50%) 29 (23.8%) P < 0.000*
 Only one 72 (13.7) 57 (14.2) 15 (12.3)
 Two children 126 (24) 84 (20.9) 42 (34.4)
 > 2 children 96 (18.4) 60 (14.9) 36 (29.5)
Smoking:
 Smokers 20 (3.8) 20 (5) 0 (0) 0.011*
 Non-smokers 496 (94.7) 374 (93) 122 (100)
 Ex-smoker 8 (1.5) 8 (2) 0
History of chronic medical illness: 96 (18.3) 69 (17.2) 27 (22.1) 0.214
Socioeconomic class:
 Low class 99 (18.9) 91 (22.6) 8 (6.6) P < 0.000*
 Middle class 349 (66.6) 270 (67.2) 79 (64.8)
 High class 76 (14.5) 41 (10.2) 35 (28.7)
  1. HCWs health care workers, OCD obsessive-compulsive disorder
  2. *Significant P value
\