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Table 2 Headache characteristics

From: Characteristics of headache disorders, according to ICHD-III in an outpatient headache clinic in Sohag Governorate, Egypt

Variables Frequency
Headache subtypes
 The primary headaches 445 (89)
 The secondary headaches 51 (10.2)
 Painful cranial neuropathies, other facial pain and other headaches 4 (0.8)
Comorbid conditions
 No comorbid conditions 484 (97.6)
 Hypertension (HTN) 12 (2.4)
 Diabetes mellitus (DM) 2 (.4)
 Hypothyroid 1 (.2)
 Hepatitis C virus 1 (0.2)
Headache that awakens the patient from sleep 193 (38.6)
Family history of migraine 20 (4)
Use caffeinated substances 114 (22.8)
Past history of motion sickness 35 (7)
Precipitants
 No precipitating factors 11 (2.2)
 Odors 90 (18.0)
 Exercise 8 (1.6)
 Too little sleep 63 (12.6)
 Too much sleep 46(9.2)
 Alcohol 2 (0.4)
 Fatigue 65 (13.0)
 Sunshine 15 (3.0)
 Cold days 6 (1.2)
 Oral contraceptive pills (OCP) 5 (1.0)
 Loud noises 25 (5.0)
 Anxiety or stress 153 (30.6)
 Bright lights 5 (1.0)
 Sexual activity 5 (1.0)
Abortive treatment
 Not using any drugs 76 (15.2)
 Simple analgesia including paracetamol and NSAID 224 (44.8)
 Using more than one type of simple analgesia 179 (35.8)
 Selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) receptor agonists (Triptans) 16 (3.2)
 Vasoconstrictors like ergot preparations 5 (1.0)
Preventive treatment ()
 Not using any drugs 98 (19.6)
 Simple analgesia including paracetamol and NSAID 79 (15.8)
 Using more than one type of simple analgesia 74 (14.8)
 Selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) receptor agonists (Triptans) 2 (0.4)
 Vasoconstrictors like ergot preparations 5 (1.0)
 Antidepressants including amitriptyline and SSRI’s 85 (17.0)
Antiepileptic agents
 Topiramate 51 (10.2)
 Valproate 21 (4.2)
 Carbamazepine 14 (2.8)
Antihypertensive
 Propranolol 31 (6.2)
 Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors 8 (1.6)
 Natural remedies (like Feverfew) 16 (3.2)
 Multivitamin preparations 5 (1.0)
 Chlorphenamine (nasal decongestant) 11 (2.2)
  1. NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, SSRI’s selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor