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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of stroke patients (n = 37)

From: Validity of neuron-specific enolase as a prognostic tool in acute ischemic stroke in adults at Suez Canal University Hospital

  Total (n = 37) No-death (n = 31) Death (n = 6) Test of sig. p
Gender
 Male 25 (67.6%) 23 (74.2%) 2 (33.3%) χ2 = 3.830 FEp = 0.073
 Female 12 (32.4%) 8 (25.8%) 4 (66.7%)
Age (years)
 Mean ± SD 55.4 ± 3.0 55.1 ± 2.8 56.8 ± 3.9 t = 1.271 0.212
 Median (Min.–Max.) 55.0 (51.0–61.0) 54.0 (51.0–61.0) 58.5 (51.0–60.0)
Risk factors for stroke
 Diabetes mellitus 16 (43.2%) 12 (38.7%) 4 (66.7%) χ2 = 1.601 FEp = 0.371
 Hypertension 13 (35.1%) 10 (32.3%) 3 (50.0%) χ2 = 0.694 FEp = 0.643
 Atrial fibrillation 17 (45.9%) 15 (48.4%) 2 (33.3%) χ2 = 0.459 FEp = 0.667
 Smoking 20 (54.1%) 17 (54.8%) 3 (50.0%) χ2 = 0.047 FEp = 1.000
 History of previous stroke 20 (54.1%) 16 (51.6%) 4 (66.7%) χ2 = 0.459 FEp = 0.667
Oxford classification
 Total anterior circulation 6 (16.2%) 2 (6.5%) 4 (66.7%) χ2 = 13.416* FEp = 0.003*
 Partial anterior circulation 24 (64.9%) 22 (71.0%) 2 (33.3%) χ2 = 3.124 FEp = 0.157
 Posterior circulation 7 (18.9%) 7 (22.6%) 0 (0.0%) χ2 = 1.671 FEp = 0.571
 Lacunar infarction 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  1. χ2, chi-square test; FE, Fisher exact; t, Student’s t test; p, p value for comparing between the two studied groups
  2. *Statistically significant at p ≤ 0.05