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Table 1 Demographic data, stroke risk factors, and clinical presentation in the study sample (n = 45)

From: Predictors of the functional outcome after thrombolysis in an Egyptian patients’ sample

  n (%)
Age (years)
 Mean ± SD. 60.13 ± 10.50
 Median (min.–max.) 59 (29–84)
Sex
 Male 20 (44.4%)
 Female 25 (55.6%)
Risk factors of stroke
Hypertensives 26 (57.8%)
Diabetics 17 (37.8%)
Smoker
  Non-smoker 32 (71.1%)
  Smoker 11 (24.4%)
  Ex-smoker 2 (4.4%)
Dyslipidemics 5 (11.1%)
Cardiac risk factors
  Arterial fibrillation (AF)/ arrhythmias 14 (31.1%)
   Known AF 7 (15.6%)
   Newly discovered AF after the stroke onset 7 (15.6%)
  Myocardial infraction (MI) 5 (11.1%)
  Structural cardiac risk factors
   Hypokinesia/akinesia 10 (22.2%)
   Intracardiac myxoma 1 (2.2%)
   Intracardiac Thrombus 1 (2.2%)
   Valvular (RHD) 9 (20%)
   Ejection fraction (EF) < 40% 7 (15.6%)
Previous history of stroke/TIA 10 (22.2%)
  History of TIA 5 (11.1%)
  History of stroke 5 (11.1%)
Clinical presentation
 Weakness
  Hemiparesis 34 (75.6%)
  Hemiplegia 11 (24.4%)
 Speech disorder (aphasia/dysphasia) 12 (26.7%)
 Gaze deviation 14 (31.1%)
 Bulbar 41 (91.1%)
  Dysarthria/facial palsy 31 (68.9%)
  Deglutition weakness/choking 10 (22.2%)
 Hemisensory affection 6 (13.3%)
 Cerebellar ataxia 2 (4.4%)
Initial CT brain
 Unremarkable 34 (75.6%)
 MCA sign 2 (4.4%)
 Old strokes 9 (20%)
  1. SD standard deviation, min. minimum, max. maximum, TIA transient ischemic attack, CT computer tomography, n number