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Table 2 Correlation between the degree of disability and demographic data, clinical characteristics, height, weight, and BMI

From: Serum leptin and body mass index in a sample of Egyptian multiple sclerosis patients

Variable Degree of disability P
Mild disability (EDSS < 3) (n = 74) Moderate disability (EDSS 3–6) (n = 57) Severe disability (EDSS > 6) (N = 38)
Gender Male 18 (24.3%) 11 (19.3%) 15 (39.5%) 0.081
Female 56 (75.7%) 46 (80.7%) 23 (60.5%)
Age (years) Range 19–38 18–40 24–55 0.015
Mean 32.15 ± 7.62 33.61 ± 8.91 36.35 ± 8.93
Duration of illness (years) Range 0.4–19 1–24 4–29 0.001
Median (IQR) 3 (2–6) 5 (3–9) 7.5 (5–15)
Age at onset of disease (years) Range 14–36 13–37 13-39 0.962
Mean ± SD 27.11 ± 8.01 27.51 ± 8.30 27.37 ± 9.20
Height (cm) Range 151–186 145–186 145–188 0.057
Mean ± SD 165.30 ± 7.78 162.88 ± 6.70 166.76 ± 10.12
Weight (kg) Range 46.1–107.6 40.4–102.5 62–121.2 0.168
Mean ± SD 75.14 ± 18.19 69.58 ± 17.79 74.66 ± 15.25
BMI Range 17.8–40.3 15.8–41.2 19.5–40.5 0.580
Mean ± SD 27.36 ± 5.88 26.25 ± 6.95 26.76 ± 4.93
BMI classification Underweight (BMI ˂ 18.50) 2 (2.7%) 3 (5.2%) 0 (0.0%) 0.557
Normal (BMI 18.50–24.99) 28 (37.8%) 25 (43.9%) 17 (44.7%)
Overweight (BMI 25.00–29.99) 29 (39.2%) 18 (31.6%) 11 (29.0%)
Obese (BMI ˃ 30) 15 (20.3%) 11 (19.3%) 10 (26.3%)