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Table 1 Comparison between patients and controls as regards demographic data, height, weight, and BMI and serum leptin level

From: Serum leptin and body mass index in a sample of Egyptian multiple sclerosis patients

Variable Case group (n = 169) Control group (n = 50) P
Gender Male 44 (26.0%) 14 (28.0%) 0.101
Female 125 (74.0%) 36 (72.0%)
Age (years) Range 18–55 19–55 0.126
Mean ± SD 33.75 ± 8.54 31.56 ± 9.79
Height (cm) Range 145–188 144–189 0.364
Mean ± SD 164.81 ± 8.13 163.48 ± 11.79
Weight (kg) Range 40.4–121.2 42–98 ˂ 0.001
Mean ± SD 73.15 ± 17.59 59.37 ± 5.19
BMI Range 15.8–41.2 18.1–23.6 ˂ 0.001
Mean ± SD 26.85 ± 6.06 19.55 ± 1.62
Serum leptin (pgm/ml) Range 30–1000 80–125 ˂ 0.001
Median (IQR) 280 (175–525) 102.5 (80–125)