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Table 2 Response of the participants to Alzheimer’s disease knowledge statements

From: Public knowledge about Alzheimer disease in Mecca Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

  Right answer
No. %
People with Alzheimer’s disease are particularly prone to depression. (True) 691 80.2
It has been scientifically proven that mental exercise can prevent a person from getting Alzheimer’s disease. (False) 558 64.7
After symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease appear, the average life expectancy is 6 to 12 years. (True) 365 42.3
When a person with Alzheimer’s disease becomes agitated, a medical examination might reveal other health problems that caused the agitation. (True) 610 70.8
People with Alzheimer’s disease do best with simple, instructions given one step at a time. (True) 637 73.9
When people with Alzheimer’s disease begin to have difficulty taking care of themselves, caregivers should take over right away. (False) 540 62.6
If a person with Alzheimer’s disease becomes alert and agitated at night, a good strategy is to try to make sure that the person gets plenty of physical activity during the day. (True) 629 73.0
In rare cases, people have recovered from Alzheimer’s disease. (False) 428 49.7
People whose Alzheimer’s disease is not yet severe can benefit from psychotherapy for depression and anxiety. (True) 649 75.3
If trouble with memory and confused thinking appears suddenly, it is likely due to Alzheimer’s disease. (False) 377 43.7
Most people with Alzheimer’s disease live in nursing homes. (False) 352 40.8
Poor nutrition can make the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease worse. (True) 633 73.4
People in their 30s can have Alzheimer’s disease. (True) 490 56.8
A person with Alzheimer’s disease becomes increasingly likely to fall down as the disease gets worse. (True) 592 68.7
When people with Alzheimer’s disease repeat the same question or story several times, it is helpful to remind them that they are repeating themselves. (False) 402 46.6
Once people have Alzheimer’s disease, they are no longer capable of making informed decisions about their own care. (False) 457 53.0
Eventually, a person with Alzheimer’s disease will need 24-h supervision. (True) 718 83.3
Having high cholesterol may increase a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. (True) 372 43.2
Tremor or shaking of the hands or arms is a common symptom in people with Alzheimer’s disease. (False) 418 48.5
Symptoms of severe depression can be mistaken for symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. (True) 473 54.9
Alzheimer’s disease is one type of dementia. (True) 685 79.5
Trouble handling money or paying bills is a common early symptom of Alzheimer’s disease. (True) 482 55.9
One symptom that can occur with Alzheimer’s disease is believing that other people are stealing one’s things. (True) 528 61.3
When a person has Alzheimer’s disease, using reminder notes is a crutch that can contribute to decline. (False) 405 47.0
Prescription drugs that prevent Alzheimer’s disease are available. (False) 475 55.1
Having high blood pressure may increase a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. (True) 405 47.0
Genes can only partially account for the development of Alzheimer’s disease. (True) 506 58.7
It is safe for people with Alzheimer’s disease to drive, as long as they have a companion in the car at all times. (False) 384 44.5
Alzheimer’s disease cannot be cured. (True) 454 52.7
Most people with Alzheimer’s disease remember recent events better than things that happened in the past. (False) 408 47.3