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Table 3 Knowledge of Alzheimer’s disease

From: Public awareness, knowledge, and attitude toward Alzheimer’s disease in Aseer region, Saudi Arabia

Wrong Right Do not know
Risk factors
It has been scientifically proven that mental exercise can prevent a person from getting Alzheimer’s disease. 64.5% 3.5% 32%
People in their 30s can have Alzheimer’s disease. 28.3% 19.5% 52.2%
Having high cholesterol may increase a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. 10% 14.9% 75%
Prescription drugs that help delay progression of Alzheimer’s disease are available. 17.2% 23.5% 59.2%
Having high blood pressure may increase a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. 13.5% 15.7% 70.7%
Genes can only partially account for the development of Alzheimer’s disease. 14.5% 38% 47.5%
Life impact
People with Alzheimer’s disease are particularly prone to depression. 7.4% 44.4% 48.3%
Most people with Alzheimer’s disease live in nursing homes. 12.7% 46.5% 4.8%
It is safe for people with Alzheimer’s disease to drive, as long as they have a companion in the car at all times. 27.7% 49.9% 22.3%
Assessment and diagnosis
When a person with Alzheimer’s disease becomes agitated, a medical assessment might reveal other health problems that caused the agitation. 3.4% 41% 55.6
If trouble with memory and confusion started suddenly, it is likely due to Alzheimer’s disease. 20.2% 37% 42.9%
Symptoms of severe depression can be mistaken for symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. 17.8% 25.4% 56.8%
Alzheimer’s disease is one type of dementia. 9.4% 71% 19.7%
After symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease appear, the average life expectancy is 6 to 12 years. 10.7% 14.3% 75%
In rare cases, people have recovered from Alzheimer’s disease. 24.7% 16.6% 58.7%
A person with Alzheimer’s disease becomes increasingly likely to fall down as the disease gets worse. 5.9% 55.4% 38.7%
Eventually, a person with Alzheimer’s disease will need 24-h supervision. 4.7% 80.2% 15.1%
People with Alzheimer’s disease do best with simple instructions given one step at a time. 10.4% 40.2% 49.4%
When people with Alzheimer’s disease begin to have difficulty taking care of themselves, caregivers should take over right away. 86.5% 5.3% 8.2%
If a person with Alzheimer’s disease becomes alert and agitated at night, a good strategy is to try to make sure that the person gets plenty of physical activity during the day. 12.3% 42.8% 44.9%
When people with Alzheimer’s disease repeat the same question or story several times, it is helpful to remind them that they are repeating themselves. 25% 49% 26.1%
Once people have Alzheimer’s disease, they are no longer capable of making informed decisions about their own care. 68.3% 5.4% 26.3%
People whose Alzheimer’s disease is not yet severe can benefit from psychotherapy for depression and anxiety. 4.4% 47.9% 47.7%
Poor nutrition can make the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease worse. 6.6% 63.6% 29.8%
When a person has Alzheimer’s disease, using reminder notes can contribute to decline. 12.5% 43.7% 43.7%
Alzheimer’s disease cannot be cured. 27.6% 27.5% 44.9%
Tremor or shaking of the hands or arms is a common symptom in people with Alzheimer’s disease. 20.9% 25.9% 53.2%
Trouble handling money or paying bills is a common early symptom of Alzheimer’s disease. 17.7% 33.3% 49.1%
One symptom that can occur with Alzheimer’s disease is believing that other people are stealing one’s things. 10.6% 41.6% 47.8%
Most people with Alzheimer’s disease remember recent events better than things that happened in the past. 16.5% 50.7% 32.8%