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Table 3 Knowledge of Alzheimer’s disease

From: Public awareness, knowledge, and attitude toward Alzheimer’s disease in Aseer region, Saudi Arabia

  Answer
Wrong Right Do not know
Risk factors
It has been scientifically proven that mental exercise can prevent a person from getting Alzheimer’s disease. 64.5% 3.5% 32%
People in their 30s can have Alzheimer’s disease. 28.3% 19.5% 52.2%
Having high cholesterol may increase a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. 10% 14.9% 75%
Prescription drugs that help delay progression of Alzheimer’s disease are available. 17.2% 23.5% 59.2%
Having high blood pressure may increase a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. 13.5% 15.7% 70.7%
Genes can only partially account for the development of Alzheimer’s disease. 14.5% 38% 47.5%
Life impact
People with Alzheimer’s disease are particularly prone to depression. 7.4% 44.4% 48.3%
Most people with Alzheimer’s disease live in nursing homes. 12.7% 46.5% 4.8%
It is safe for people with Alzheimer’s disease to drive, as long as they have a companion in the car at all times. 27.7% 49.9% 22.3%
Assessment and diagnosis
When a person with Alzheimer’s disease becomes agitated, a medical assessment might reveal other health problems that caused the agitation. 3.4% 41% 55.6
If trouble with memory and confusion started suddenly, it is likely due to Alzheimer’s disease. 20.2% 37% 42.9%
Symptoms of severe depression can be mistaken for symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. 17.8% 25.4% 56.8%
Alzheimer’s disease is one type of dementia. 9.4% 71% 19.7%
Course
After symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease appear, the average life expectancy is 6 to 12 years. 10.7% 14.3% 75%
In rare cases, people have recovered from Alzheimer’s disease. 24.7% 16.6% 58.7%
A person with Alzheimer’s disease becomes increasingly likely to fall down as the disease gets worse. 5.9% 55.4% 38.7%
Eventually, a person with Alzheimer’s disease will need 24-h supervision. 4.7% 80.2% 15.1%
Caregiving
People with Alzheimer’s disease do best with simple instructions given one step at a time. 10.4% 40.2% 49.4%
When people with Alzheimer’s disease begin to have difficulty taking care of themselves, caregivers should take over right away. 86.5% 5.3% 8.2%
If a person with Alzheimer’s disease becomes alert and agitated at night, a good strategy is to try to make sure that the person gets plenty of physical activity during the day. 12.3% 42.8% 44.9%
When people with Alzheimer’s disease repeat the same question or story several times, it is helpful to remind them that they are repeating themselves. 25% 49% 26.1%
Once people have Alzheimer’s disease, they are no longer capable of making informed decisions about their own care. 68.3% 5.4% 26.3%
Treatment
People whose Alzheimer’s disease is not yet severe can benefit from psychotherapy for depression and anxiety. 4.4% 47.9% 47.7%
Poor nutrition can make the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease worse. 6.6% 63.6% 29.8%
When a person has Alzheimer’s disease, using reminder notes can contribute to decline. 12.5% 43.7% 43.7%
Alzheimer’s disease cannot be cured. 27.6% 27.5% 44.9%
Symptoms
Tremor or shaking of the hands or arms is a common symptom in people with Alzheimer’s disease. 20.9% 25.9% 53.2%
Trouble handling money or paying bills is a common early symptom of Alzheimer’s disease. 17.7% 33.3% 49.1%
One symptom that can occur with Alzheimer’s disease is believing that other people are stealing one’s things. 10.6% 41.6% 47.8%
Most people with Alzheimer’s disease remember recent events better than things that happened in the past. 16.5% 50.7% 32.8%