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Table 2 Risk factors of 180 ischemic stroke patients in relation to the presence or absence of aphasia Parameter

From: A hospital-based study of post-stroke aphasia: frequency, risk factors, and topographic representation

Parameter Total number of cases (180 cases ), N (percent) Patients with aphasia (36 cases ), N (percent) Patients without aphasia (144 cases), N (percent) P value
HTN 52 (28.9%) 8 (22.2%) 44 (30.6%) 0.324
DM 53 (29.4%) 13 (36.1%) 40(27.8%) 0.327
Old age 24 (13.3%) 4 (11.1%) 20 (13.9%) 0.878
Smoking 41 (22.7%) 10 (27.8%) 31 (21.5%) 0.424
Obesity 33 (18.3%) 6 (16.7%) 27 (18.8%) 0.773
Dyslipidemia 24 (13.3%) 8 (22.2%) 16 (11.1%) 0.079
Substance abuse 10 (5.6%) 2 (5.6%) 8 (5.6%) 1.0
IHD 15 (8.3%) 8 (22.2%) 7 (4.9%)* 0.001*
Hyperuricemia 15 (8.3%) 2 (5.6%) 13 (9%) 0.061
AF 19 (10.6%) 8 (22.2%) 11 (7.6%)* 0.011*
  1. Hypertension: HTN , Diabetes mellitus :DM, ischemic heart disease: IHD, atrial fibrillation: AF, number: N
  2. *Statistically significant
  3. **Statistically highly significant