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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of Hajj pilgrims with and without positive MINI-Cog test

From: Screening for cognitive impairment in Arabic-speaking Hajj pilgrims

Total number = 340 Positive MINI-Cog (N, %) Negative MINI-Cog (N, %) P
  99 (29.2%) 241 (70.9%) < .001
Age mean (SD) 67.44 (7.3) 65.77 (5.2) 0.039
Gender Male 49 (49.5%) Male 135 (56%) 0.273
Marital status    0.314
 Single 4 (4%) 5 (2.1%)  
 Married 81 (81.8%) 210 (87.1%)  
 Widow 14 (14.1%) 26 (10.8%)  
 Divorced 0 3 (1.2%)  
Education level    < .001
 Read and write 55 (55.6%) 46 (19.1%)  
 Primary school 26 (26.3%) 75 (31.1%)  
 Intermediate/secondary school 11 (11.1%) 61 (25.3%)  
 Undergraduate 7 (7.1%) 54 (22.4%)  
 Postgraduate 0 5 (2.1%)  
Travelled with
 Alone 27 (27.3%) 46 (19.1%) 0.095
 Spouse 35 (35.1%) 124 (51.5%) 0.007
 Siblings 13 (13.1%) 25 (10.1%) 0.463
 Children 24 (24.2%) 49 (20.3%) 0.425
 Friends 8 (8.1%) 17 (7.1%) 0.742
 Others 1 nephew (1%) 0  
Helping in performing Hajj
 No 53 (53.5%) 173 (73%)  
 Yes, by 46 (46.5%) 65 (27%) < .001
 Spouse 7 (7.1%) 17 (7.1%) 0.996
 Siblings 5 (5.1%) 6 (2.5%) 0.225
 Children 19 (19.2%) 26 (10.8%) 0.038
 Friends 11 (11.1%) 13 (5.4%) 0.062
 Hajj mission staff 9 (9.1%) 13 (5.4%) 0.208
 Others 0 0  
Number of performed Hajj    0.376
 0 2 (2.0%) 6 (2.5%)  
 1 78 (78.8%) 177 (73.4%)  
 2 12 (12.1%) 34 (14.1%)  
 3 5 (5.1%) 16 (6.6%)  
 4 or > 2 (2%) 8 (3.3%)  
Medical condition
 DM 30 (30.3%) 79 (32.8%) 0.657
 HTN 41 (41.2%) 104 (43.2%) 0.768
 Hyperlipidemia 12 (12.1%) 40 (16.6%) 0.298
 BPH 1 (1%) 8 (3.3%) 0.428
 Other 2 (2%) 7 (2.9%)  
Was seen in cognitive clinic
 Yes 4 (4%) 2 (0.8%) 0.041
ADL scale
 Severe dependence 1 (1%) 0 0.066
 Moderate dependence 1 (1%) 3 (1.2%)  
 Mild dependence 30 (30.3%) 52 (21.6%)  
 Full independence 67 (67.7%) 186 (77.2%)  
MINI-Cog test score
 0 8 (2.4%)  
 1 33 (9.7%)  
 2 58 (17.1%)  
 3 79 (23.2%)  
 4 57 (16.8%)  
 5 105 (30.9%)  
  1. Values in italic are significant at the 5% level
  2. DM: diabetes mellitus, HTN: hypertension, BPH: benign prostate hypertrophy, ADL: activities of daily living