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Table 1 Demographic, lifestyle, and psychological characteristics of study participants

From: Psychosomatic complaints profile in patients with type 2 diabetes: a matched case-control study

CharacteristicsControl (n = 259)Diabetes (n = 87)P value
Age46.94 (3.96)45.74 (7.24)0.17
Gender
 Male152 (58.7)57 (65.5)0.26
 Female107 (41.3)30 (34.5) 
Education level   
 Under diploma48 (19.2)21 (24.7)0.14
 Diploma70 (28.0)27 (31.8) 
 Collegiate132 (52.8)37 (43.5) 
Marital status
 Married228 (90.5)80 (95.2)0.17
 Single24 (9.5)4 (4.8) 
BMI26.06 (3.61)27.48 (4.45)0.004
Physical activity
 Inactive and moderately inactive138 (58.2)54 (67.5)0.14
 Moderately active and active99 (41.8)26 (32.5) 
Smoking status
 Non-smoker178 (80.5)61 (82.4)0.37
 Former smoker26 (11.8)5 (6.8) 
 Current smoker17 (7.7)8 (10.8) 
Psychological distress
 No196 (80.7)59 (74.7)0.26
 Yes47 (19.3)20 (25.3) 
Anxiety
 No223 (90.7)68 (82.9)0.056
 Yes23 (9.3)14 (17.1) 
Depression
 No179 (72.8)53 (65.4)0.21
 Yes67 (27.2)28 (34.6) 
GHQ score1.98 (2.55)2.13 (2.56)0.63
Anxiety score2.85 (3.11)4.04 (3.92)0.017
Depression score6.01 (3.25)6.44 (3.38)0.23
  1. Values are mean (SD) or frequency (percentage). P values are based on independent Student’s t test or chi-square test as appropriate