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Table 3 Knowledge of the risk factors of cerebro-vascular stroke among urban and rural participants

From: Public knowledge of warning signs and risk factors of cerebro-vascular stroke in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt

  Total Urban Rural
No. = 720 No. = 360 No. = 360
Open-ended question
 Hypertension 114(15.8) 79 (21.9%)* 35 (9.7%)
 Stress 112 (15.6%) 58 (16.1%) 54 (15%)
 Do not know 494 (68.6%) 223 (61.9%) 271 (75.3%)§
Close-ended questions
 Hypertension 664 (92.2%) 336(93%) 328(91.1%)
 Smoking 523 (72.6%) 295(81.9%)* 228(63.3%)
 Old age 490 (68.1%) 280(77.8%)* 214 (59.4%)
 Ischemic Heart Disease 487(67.6%) 283(78.6%)** 208(57.8%)
 Stress 431 (59.9%) 247 (68.6%) ** 184(51.1%)
 Previous stroke 402 (55.8%) 218(60.6%)** 132(36.7%)
 Previous transient ischemic attack 402 (55.8%) 294(81.7%) ** 108(30%)
 Obesity 359 (49.9%) 243(67.5%)** 116(32.2%)
 High cholesterol 372 (51.7%) 224 (62.2%) 215(59.8%)
 Alcohol intake 295 (41.0%) 251(69.7%)** 44(12.2%)
 Inactivity 260 (36.1%) 228(63.3%) ** 32(8.9%)
 Diabetes Mellitus 121 (16.8%) 113 (31.4%)** 16 (4.4%)
 Family history 120 (22.2%) 145(40.3%)** 20(5.6%)
  1. χ2 test, (*) significant and (**) highly significant in comparison to rural, (§) significant in comparison to urban