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Table 4 Gender differences epilepsy etiologies

From: Sex differences among epileptic patients: a comparison of epilepsy and its impacts on demographic features, clinical characteristics, and management patterns in a tertiary care hospital in Egypt

Etiology Total Males Females p value
Unknown 458 224 (48.9%) 234 (51.1%) 0.52
Idiopathic 203 82 (40.4%) 121 (59.6%) 0.01*
Secondary 339 194 (57.2%) 145 (42.8%) 0.00*
Trauma 51 41 (80.3%) 10 (19.7%) 0.0001*
Infection 45 17 (37.7%) 28 (62.3%) 0.105
Birth injury 28 21 (75%) 7 (25%) 0.027*
Vascular 21 15 (71.4%) 6 (28.6%) 0.119
SOL 16 10 (62.5%) 6 (37.5%) 0.45
TS 9 4 (44.4%) 5 (55.6%) 0.741
Immune disorder 9 0 9 (100%) 0.001*
MS 8 5 (62.5%) 3 (37.5%) 0.725
  1. SOL space occupying lesion, TS tuberous sclerosis, MS mesial sclerosis
  2. *p value < 0.05 is considered statistically significant